Wednesday, September 30, 2009

Lessons from the Rocky Mountain News - Text and video of speech delivered at UC Berkeley Media Technology Summit at Google in Silicon Valley

The death of the Rocky Mountain News in February rippled around the world. Many want to understand what happened and what we can learn from the loss of Colorado's oldest newspaper.

Today I kicked off the UC Berkeley Media Technology Summit at Googleplex (the company's headquarters) in Silicon Valley.

The following is the text (The link takes you to Scribd, where you can print out the speech. I have also attached it below. I apologize for any inconvenience people have had trying to access my presentation) of my speech. You can also see a video of my presentation (the keynote slides, with my voiceover) at Vimeo. Here is a link to the keynote slides themselves.

The text of the speech contained two errors. One was a typo: The Rocky launched its first Web site on March 1, 1996, not 2006. The second was due to my faulty memory. Colorado has 64 counties, not 65 as I first reported.

Lessons from the Rocky Mountain News

Thank you for inviting me to speak to you today. I hope by sharing what I learned from my experience as editor and publisher of the Rocky Mountain News I can help get this conference off to a good start. Recently, when I asked my former colleagues at the paper for reflections on their experience since its closure, Bernie Lincicome, a fine sports columnist, wrote me back: “I feel like the cadaver being asked by the funeral director, how did you like the flowers?” I’m not sure what that makes this talk. Maybe the funeral director being asked to perform his own autopsy and offer guidance from the other side on how to save the lives of others suffering the same malady.

First, a little history: The Rocky Mountain News was Colorado’s oldest newspaper, founded in 1859 when Denver was little more than a hamlet of log cabins. The paper went on to cover the news in three centuries, from the Civil War to the War on Terror. It became so much a part of the fabric of Colorado that many readers called it “My Rocky,” a term of endearment rare for any newspaper. It was owned for more than 80 years by a deep-pocketed company, E.W. Scripps, that still today is controlled by the founding family.

Scripps started as a newspaper company, but navigated through the advent of radio, TV and cable - starting successful new media businesses each time. In the ‘90s, after going public, Scripps innovated with its free cash flow and hit a home run building lifestyle cable networks, including HGTV and the Food Network, now worth more than $5 billion.

So some pretty smart people were at the top of the company that owned the Rocky Mountain News. Yet none of that was enough for the Rocky to survive in the Internet era. The Rocky published its final edition on Feb. 27 of this year, the first major paper to shut its doors after the economic crash of the fall of 2008.

On the day the closure was announced, Scripps CEO Rich Boehne told the staff assembled in the newsroom: "You are the model of what a great newspaper should be. It's a tragedy for the industry that you disappear." He was talking to a staff that since 2000 had won four Pulitzer Prizes, a total topped by just six other newspapers in that same period. And the staff knew that from a circulation standpoint, when the papers competed head to head on weekdays, the Rocky came out on top.

So, why did the Rocky disappear? Looking back now on that difficult day, the word that stands out in Boehne’s statement is “newspaper.” As one former Scripps executive told me in talking about what has happened to the newspaper industry, words that I think apply to the Rocky, “We had all the advantages and let it slip away. We couldn’t give up the idea that we were newspaper companies.”

Well, Scripps isn’t a newspaper company anymore in what was its biggest market. And today I’m going to walk you through the lessons I think might be taken from its largest paper’s failure. While this is going to be a newspaper-centric talk, I believe you’ll find that the lessons apply broadly across radio, TV, magazines and other media, too.

But before I subject the past to scrutiny, you need to know I don’t exempt myself from criticism. I was the top editorial person for the Rocky’s final 11 years and part of the business leadership team. I bear my own share of responsibility. It’s easy when looking back to see things that might seem obvious to us today, but it was a lot more difficult when we were in the thick of the fight, and most of the revenue growth and almost the total revenue pie came from the main newspaper product. That said, the first lesson I hope people who care about the future of local news take from the Rocky’s experience is this: Being a “great newspaper” isn’t enough in the Internet era. You have to know what business you’re in. We thought we were in the newspaper business. Working on the Web, you need to think of now and forever. At a newspaper, people largely think about tomorrow. Thinking about tomorrow isn’t enough anymore. Consumers today want services when, where and how they want them, and they want to be able to participate, not just receive.

Look, it’s understandable that we thought we were in the newspaper business. In the 1990s, Denver was the site of what was sometimes called America’s last great newspaper war. The Denver Post and the Rocky Mountain News had competed for 100 years and each saw the grand prize close at hand. Each wanted to become the only newspaper in town - something we thought of as “owning the Denver market.” We thought winning would guarantee a stable and profitable future. We misunderstood the competitive landscape and put the vast majority of our efforts into the print war.

The problem was we were fighting the last war. We didn’t understand what was happening to the playing field. Media companies used to think they were in control. That they could “own” a market. What we didn’t take into account is that in this new era, consumers were going to be in control.

So that brings me to Lesson #2: Know your competition. If we had spent more time trying to build the depth of our connection with the community using online tools from the very start, perhaps the outcome for the Rocky would have been different. If we have time later, I can give you some examples of what I’m talking about.

The Rocky’s first foray onto the Web came in 1995. The newsroom provided a Cox-owned site called Fastball with Colorado Rockies stories and data. To give you some perspective, that same year Colorado’s leading television station put up a Web site, but all it had was a picture of the station’s building, its address and phone number. No links or news at all. At that time, believe it or not, much of the talk about “new media” at many newspapers was about things like AudioText, where users could call in and select different categories of news. There was also fax on demand. And 900 numbers, for such things as out-of-state lottery numbers or sports scores, horoscopes and even a dating service.

The Rocky had been burned in the new media world before. In 1990, it made what it considered at the time a major play, launching an electronic service called the A LA CARTE EDITION. The paper sent software to a few thousand users, many of whom had 300 baud modems.

You can see from this introduction to our first electronic service that we thought of ourselves as newspaper companies right from the start. We wrote that the goal of the new edition, was “ultimately to strengthen and preserve the printed daily newspaper.”

The service was shut down after about 9 months, but not before scooping the paper on the start of the First Gulf War, reporting 12 hours before the paper landed on most doorsteps that the war had begun. The project was halted, I was told, because “we just couldn't show that it was having any measurable impact on retention of print subscribers and it wasn't producing revenue.”

Right from the start, new offerings were measured by what they did for the core product, not on their own merits. A big mistake.

The Rocky’s first Web site, this is the home page on the very first day, grew out of the newsroom’s night copy desk crew, a few of whom had learned some HTML. It was a bottom up effort. There was no advertising involvement. Under the direction of the senior night editor, a small team built a Web site that went live on March 1, 1996. The Post had put up a site late the previous year so we knew we needed to do it, if only because we couldn’t let them have a leg up on us anywhere.

The launch of the site was a perfect example of how the attention of the paper’s leadership was on print, not on new possibilities. We were wrestling with a decision to pull back print distribution to 13 counties adjacent to Denver, a money-saving move to match the $5 million in savings we believed the Post had achieved by narrowing its printed page. We cut about 30,000 circulation, or 10% of our total, in one day. The Post kept delivering to all 64 Colorado counties.

On the day before the Rocky opened its doors to the world online, the page 2 column by the editor began: “I have never been much good at saying goodbye. But that is my task today for many loyal readers of the Rocky Mountain News.” It wasn’t until the fourth paragraph that he introduced the Web site. He wrote: “Nonetheless, some of our key stories, features and photographs will still be available outside our new service area. This will be possible through our two new electronic ventures.”

One was the World Wide Web site. The other was a wire service we had set up to give our content to smaller Colorado papers to print at the same time as it appeared in the Rocky. There was no promotion of the Web site. Our PR efforts at the time were attempts to control the damage from cutting off 30,000 paying customers.

The message to the newsroom at that time regarding the Web site: “Do not let it interfere with the print edition.” And as managing editor, I made sure that we kept our focus on the print competition.

We knew the Web was a place we needed to be. But we didn’t have a clear strategy. Mission. Or objective. It was a “complement to the paper,” as we said in our initial “About us” page.

Which brings me to Lesson 3: You have to have a strategy and you have to be committed to pursuing it. We perceived the Web site as a newspaper online, as a complement to the paper, not as its own thing. That’s not a strategy.

Senior management’s focus in the 1990s was on keeping the newspaper alive. Again, to be clear, that’s understandable, at least to a point. We were fighting for our lives and the money then lay in print. We didn’t understand the Web or new technology and didn’t have the time to learn much about it. We weren’t a consumer-driven company, except that we knew our priority was to get papers on the porch on time in the morning. Otherwise, we feared our subscribers would switch to our competitor.

Without clear objectives, an organization stumbles from one priority to the next. The 4th lesson: You must know your goal. On the print side, we had a clear objective. But our online objective kept changing. Of course this is partially understandable, because what was possible in the online world was also changing rapidly.

Because the Rocky’s newsroom was unionized, management felt it had to quickly make a decision about where to house the new service. The fear was that union rules governing the newsroom would limit what we could do with the Web and potentially increase operating costs at a time when there was no revenue to speak of associated with it. So the newsroom lost its role on the Web until five years later, after the “war” was over.

Legacy labor/management relations and organizational structures cannot be allowed to dictate how a new operation works. Lesson #5: Keep new ventures free from the rules of the old. Over the years, the company had agreed to conditions it might not have liked but could accept because revenues of the newspaper made them possible. The problem was they would strangle a startup.

It was probably a smart move to get the Web out of the newsroom. It made it possible for the Web staff to carve their own path. But it also separated the newsroom - the paper’s most valuable asset - from its new online product for five years. And that clearly had its downside.

Even without a clear goal or strategy, the Web team - and the company - did go on to do some interesting things.

Scripps partnered with Cox to produce an outdoor recreation site called “Go West,” another short-lived effort because costs so exceeded revenues. The Rocky bought an online real estate service. It built web sites for customers. It became an internet service provider.

But the Web leadership kept changing, which meant new marching orders; there was tension between corporate and local leadership about direction on the Web; and staff turnover was heavy. Indicative of the struggle to find a strategy was how the name of the site kept changing. It started as (A really catchy url.)

We ventured deep into high school sports. This is an early example of a RockyPreps page, incredible detail about girls volleyball. This was the first time we thought Web first, posting results online immediately and then outputting select data to print. It was popular with readers. But advertisers shunned it.

You can see initially there was a strange lack of commercial interest on our part.

Except that we were already aware that our classifieds needed to have a home online.

Then we changed the site’s name to We thought the Web was going to be more about what to do than about news. (The story is that was available but the $50,000 price tag was considered too steep.)

Finally, we chose to go to our newspaper name,, despite how unwieldy it was as a url.

This was an era where we didn’t fully believe in the value of the web. So, like other papers, we created the bundle, selling web space as an add-on for print advertisers.

We generally saw the web as a few advertising boxes we could sell. We didn’t see the value of audience. Scripps bought sophisticated software to run its cable and newspaper Web sites. Although it tried to put the focus on readers, in the end it let technical people develop a culture based on how they wanted technology to work - stable and secure - rather than putting the priority on remaining nimble in a rapidly changing world. We kept trying to build perfect systems, slowing our progress, instead of working iteratively.

And in Denver, we thought we needed to reinvent everything for our market instead of accepting solutions that would work across the company.

What did we discover? That the people running a new business need to be free to do what’s best for that business, regardless of the potential impact on the old. That’s lesson #6. Why couldn’t newspapers have invented something like Yelp? Probably because editors would have gone ballistic over reader reviews with misspelled words and would have felt uneasy with reader contributions being given priority. The Rocky’s Web team producing used the slogan, “Before you go out, go,” that could have led in that direction. But the mission was changed because InsideDenver didn’t sound like a newspaper and didn’t encompass the idea of our all-important classifieds.

A pivotal moment - perhaps the most telling about the paper’s approach to the Web - came on the morning of April 20, 1999 when two students opened fire at Columbine High School. The world was watching.

At that time, we had one content producer whose job was essentially to shovel the newspaper onto the Web. The Web team was on the first floor of our building. The newsroom on the third. After news of the shooting broke, the producer came to the newsroom and asked the city editor for any news he could give him. “I’m not giving you anything for the Web site,” he remembers being told. “They’ll steal it.” They, in this case, was The Denver Post. The culture of the newsroom at this point was still to save any possible scoops for the morning paper to keep the Post a day behind us. The Rocky’s Web team ended up relying on our TV news partner for its reports. Even with that, the traffic numbers that day weren’t matched for two years. Neither the Rocky nor the Post won an Eppy Award for coverage of Columbine. That was taken by the Boulder Daily Camera, which didn’t have anywhere near the resources of the two Denver papers to cover the story. But both papers won Pulitzer Prizes for their print coverage.

Something else happened that day, though, that changed the perspective of the newsroom. We decided to give all our best photographs from the high school to the Associated Press as soon as we had them in our computer system. The result, the Rocky pictures you’ve just seen appeared on front pages around the world the next morning. The staff saw the tangible benefits of sharing in real time. The quality of their work captured the attention of the world and raised the paper’s profile. That day was a turning point for how the newsroom worked with the web, although the results wouldn’t become fully visible until a few years later.

The newspaper industry today talks a lot about the need to get paid for its content online. But in the late ‘90s, Denver was an experiment in essentially free newspapers. By the peak of the newspaper war, more than 400,000 subscribers to the two Denver papers were paying a penny a day for home delivery. The Rocky was bleeding money and the Post was heading the same direction. So the owners called a truce, asking the Justice Department to approve what’s known as a joint operating agreement, which allows newspapers to merge business operations while maintaining separate and independent newsrooms.

The agreement, written in 2000 under the direction of two seasoned newspaper executives - William Burleigh and Dean Singleton - didn’t even mention the Web. Yet another sign that the Web was an afterthought all along. The Web wasn’t perceived as central to the success of the new business. It was believed that savings from combining the business operations of the two papers plus the ability to raise advertising rates would produce very healthy returns for both owners. Instead, what happened was that classified revenues dropped by more than $100 million a year from the start of the JOA to the end, and national and display categories tanked, too.

The JOA is a complicating factor in the Denver story. I’m not going to explore it today, except to say that such agreements lead to economically inappropriate activities that ultimately undermine a business. And that’s part of the explanation of what happened to the Rocky.

The JOA did offer one significant benefit to our Web efforts. It gave the papers enough economic cushion to make them feel comfortable enough to negotiate new flexible contracts with the Newspaper Guild to move the Web editorial team and programmers back into the newsroom - this time at the very center of the room, not in a dark corner on the 1st floor, a symbolic move to try to indicate the site’s importance to our future.

This was critical to the multimedia and database creativity that followed on the Web. And I think it was critical to our growth in traffic, from roughly 600,000 uniques a month in 2001 to 2.2 million a month when the paper was put up for sale.

But again, the focus in Denver when the agreement went into effect in early 2001 and for the next few years was on print. The Web in many ways became even more problematic. The papers had two basically similar Web sites using different content management systems and supported by a third advertising system.

The papers still were competing with each other online, even though the owners each got 50 cents of every dollar earned from the Web sites. Instead of focusing on new media and new ways to serve audiences with niche print, online and mobile products, the owners spent $130 million to upgrade their printing plant (they knew they would achieve savings by doing so) and $100 million to build a new headquarters on a prominent site in downtown Denver. The Web was essentially in limbo for a long time, with the Web leadership on the business side continuing to turn over, making it hard to gain any traction except in the newsroom.

Still, we produced some work of a national, even global caliber.
The online version of this story that won 2 Pulitzer prizes, Final Salute, included
8 slide shows
5 movies in a custom built Flash application
And a separate video trailer that preceded the publication of the print special section.

A related story in our coverage of the war at home was called Wake for an Indian Warrior.

The slide show that was part of the story of the first Sioux to die in Iraq had somewhere in the neighborhood of 2 million page views.

Lesson #7: If you want to compete in a medium, you have to understand it. The newspaper industry didn’t understand the web in the beginning. That’s understandable. But it’s not clear that the newspaper industry understands it today. That’s partly because you need to get the right people into an organization, people who can see and seize new opportunities. We were lucky to be able to hire some really talented people who made the work you’ve just seen possible. The question is why would talented people want to join companies that are held back by their past? I think that’s a real problem for legacy media organizations. Smart, talented people have choices. And it’s hard to imagine the best and brightest in advertising, for example, wanting to join a newspaper online operation when they could be working in a pure play environment.

A good example of our lack of understanding of the Web came in 2005 when Denver took its first big leap online under the JOA. This was the same year YouTube went live. Executives in Denver perceived a need for a vehicle to compete with weekly newspapers, which they thought were taking local ad share. In response, the Rocky launched, a network of more than 40 “citizen-journalism” web sites serving the Denver metropolitan area. All content appeared online first. Most came from readers. The best content of the week - again, almost all from readers - was published in 18 weekly zoned print sections. The first site went live that spring. But guess what? Google couldn’t find it.

The company that built the site was a key contractor for a major newspaper company and worked for other large companies, but it didn’t adequately understand search engine optimization and built the site in such a way that it didn’t show up in Google searches, although Yahoo and MSN did find it. We weren’t smart enough as a company to know that needed to be a basic requirement of the project and didn’t know how to evaluate programming to make sure it was. (I don’t have to tell you that if Google doesn’t find a site, its opportunities are very limited.) Ultimately, it was Scripps employees at Shopzilla who studied the architecture of the site and advised us how to rebuild it so it would show up in Google search rankings. See what I mean about the importance of having people who understand the medium they’re working in?

Another example from that effort. Craigslist had come to Denver four years earlier, but we still couldn’t get the classified advertising leadership to agree to compete with Craigslist by offering free classifieds on these community sites, even private party under a certain dollar amount. The argument went on for almost a year, a year when we sent the message to users that we didn’t understand how they wanted to use the web or that advertising content was valuable to them.

Lesson #8: Measure, measure, measure. While newspaper companies had experts managing circulation accounts to make sure they met the requirements of the Audit Bureau of Circulations, they were less committed to an intense focus on web data. I think newsrooms and entire news organizations have to use data more to guide their allocation of resources. This doesn’t mean local news organizations should stop doing investigative reporting because most web traffic goes to freaky stories about teachers having sex with students, but it does mean that they should use the tools available to them and be honest about what the data tell them.

It took the move into the newsroom of Web journalists for the rest of the newsroom to finally change its attitude. Police officials complained that they were answering questions from one reporter for the Rocky Mountain News (a Web journalist) and then having to do the same thing again later in the day for another (this time a print reporter). That was making it more difficult for our print reporters and finally the traditional newsroom staff took over reporting for the Web and became committed to updating news when it happened.

One of the ways we encouraged that was to count what we were doing and share the results. They saw that breaking news updates were driving usage of the site.

By the end, Scripps’ former Web VP felt we were cooking on all cylinders as a news Web site. But that’s probably too generous a view. I think we had far to go.

Which brings me to Lesson #9: Ask yourself: Without R&D, how are local news companies going to get out on the edge and develop new offerings? Now that newspaper companies are filling the bankruptcy courts, they’re scrambling to find ways to survive on the Web. But their efforts seem mostly about making money off their current offerings. You don’t see them developing Yelp, YouTube, Twitter, Facebook, etc. I think they still could develop successful new services. But it would require something they haven’t historically done, research and development. The Rocky looked to other newspapers and news sites to assess how it was doing. We should have been looking more closely at pure-play Web operations.

To conclude, Scripps, the owner of the Rocky, is about 130 years old. It’s survived a lot of change. I wouldn’t count it or other historic titles like Hearst or The New York Times out. But I’m concerned about their future. There’s still too much of a sense of entitlement in the industry. The Associated Press spends too much time making the case that copyright violation is the problem bringing the industry down when the industry should be focused on building new and better products and services. Are companies making the same mistake in this decade that the Rocky made in the ‘90s, not understanding the competition? I think so.

Newspaper companies have to look for ways to answer the needs of the people in their communities. They have to know what business they’re in. We thought we were in the newspaper business. It seems like that’s what too many still think. They’re not. They’re in the news, information, knowledge and connection business.

Which brings me to the final lesson: Know your customers. If newspapers would spend more time trying to understand their customers instead of focused on their own internal issues - such as which newspaper department should get credit for Web revenue - they’re more likely to be successful. That’s a hard switch for traditional manufacturing operations like newspapers to make. But I don’t think I need to explain why it’s essential. The following quote explains the dilemma newspapers found themselves in.

“We were not used to the market telling us how things should be. We were used to telling people what we thought they needed and how they needed it,” is how a Scripps marketing exec put it. That has to change.

So, given my experience at the Rocky, what are some things I think newspapers should do going forward?

Newspapers should think bigger at the same time as they think smaller. They should look for opportunities to scale. They’re still too focused on unique, market by market solutions. in Denver is an example of a site that has something to teach newspapers. I’m not saying it’s a great site or that I necessarily think it’ll succeed. But it’s growing rapidly at least in part because they’ve invited thousands of people to become experts, or examiners, on their sites and because they’ve built the service as a national brand based on local sites. Newspapers can’t think anymore of building or selling one monolithic audience. They need to build many niches and many audiences. But interests align across geographies, so there’s no reason that everything they do need be limited to their “markets.”

Newspapers could end the criticism of an ever-shrinking amount of content if they would partner more with others and invite more people to participate on their sites. (When people say what you often hear, that newspapers seem thinner and thinner, we can’t forget that it also creates a negative impression of what’s happening to their Web sites.) The I-phone APP model is something newspapers should explore. Apple built a platform and lets others use it. Couldn’t newspapers work together and with others to benefit readers and users of their services the same way?

Newspapers have traditionally served a small percentage of the businesses in their communities. Instead of trying to hold on to their piece of the pie, newspapers should be using technology to make the pie bigger, along the lines of the way ebay expanded buying and selling opportunities. Newspapers should find more ways for more local businesses to reach potential customers.

Newspapers should give consumers more control. They’re still thinking too much about themselves and not enough about what the consumer wants.

Newspapers should stop looking longingly in the rear view mirror at 30% margins. It sometimes seems the whole game of the industry leadership is trying to find a way to get back to their old margins. (Because of the competition, by the way, the Rocky never had those kinds of margins.)

And, of course, finally, the most difficult recommendation of all, newspapers should stop making decisions about new business opportunities based on how they’ll affect their legacy business. The main newspaper cannot dictate the shape of the future.

Thank you for listening to the lessons I’ve taken from my experience at the Rocky. I hope this autopsy was useful and that my suggestions help others avoid succumbing to the same fate as the Rocky Mountain News. I’d be happy to take any questions. As a reminder, here are the 10 lessons I’ve discussed today. I’ll keep them up during our conversation.

Lessons from the Rocky Mountain News.

Know what business you’re in.
Know your customers.
Know your competition.
Know your goal.
Have a strategy and be committed to pursuing it.
Measure, measure, measure.
Keep new ventures free from the rules of the old.
Let the people running a new venture do what’s best for their business, regardless of the potential impact on the old.
To compete in a new medium, you have to understand it.
Invest in R&D.


  1. Hi, it's difficult to read the Scribd document. Can you maybe provide it at the site, so one can read it in full-screen mode?

  2. Several comments.

    First, Dean Singleton STILL doesn't understand the Web, and as head of the AP, that's catastrophic.

    Second, it's called paywalls. The Aug/Sept AJR had a great article on how more smaller-level dailies are doing it. Deano could be proactive on this, tying paywalls for AP content to new contracts with Google, Yahoo, et al, but he remains asleep at the switch.

    Beyond "folding," the reason many newspapers today are struggling, as I speak from a professional background, is manifold, and not primarily, in many cases, due to the Internet.

    Rather, you have things like crooked owners (Chi Sun-Times), the biz angle leading to LBO artists (Sam Zell/Chi Trib), family feud fallout (Freedom Comm/OC Register), overvaluing newspapers as capital investments a decade ago, and more.

    Add in the recession's huge ad drop-off.

    Include many companies indeed being clueless about the Internet and how to "monetize" it, and it's no wonder papers struggle.

    Doubly add in the fact that many ad reps don't kow how to sell to the Web.

    Triply add in that things like host files and ad-block add-ons let people like me avoid most newspaper ads.

    Quadruply add in that many newspaper chains don't get the three things I just listed.

    Put up paywalls. Including for the bloggers. Bloggers making real money from blogging will realize they're hooked, or petard-hoist.

  3. I agree with Jay Rosen, that was a tour de force.
    I'm curious what the reaction was, both in questions and comments you got from people after. I imagine much of the speech must have helped people understand more of how newspapers got where they are given that the average Google employee age is so young.

  4. Paywalls? Paywalls!?

    The value of most news carried by your average newspaper doesn't come from hearing the news, but from the ability to share the news with other people. A paywall makes the product less valuable, while charging more for it!

    El Pais, the biggest newspaper in Spain, built a paywall about 6 years ago. Their ad revenue dried up as their viewership shrank and shrank, because for most people, the third retelling of the most important stories was not really any worse than full access to the newspaper. Years later, they opened their site again, but now their competition has surpassed them, and it will take a decade to catch up.

    The creation of newspaper articles and the aggregation of those articles into something a user might want to see are two different businesses on the web. Until journalists realize the difference, and treat them both separately, they will not solve the problem, and bloggers will eat them alive.

  5. Newspapers are worthless to me. I get all my news online and/or TV. I also ignore any news site that doesn't allow the readers (casual readers, I don't feel the need to sign in or create an account) to comment directly on the article.

    The news is so biased most if not all have some sort of agenda. I don't need or want your agenda. User comments allow for other points of view.

    Notice during the bush years, the war in iraq was bad and our troops are dying. Now that the other side is in power, you don't hear a peep.

    The news/media is supposed to be the watchdog of the government. Informing us, the masses, when the government is doing something wrong or unconstitutional. Instead they have turned into the government's lap dog. No one mentions that the war in Iraq, right or wrong, is unconstitutional. (Any law allowing the president to send our troops to another country without a declaration of war is unconsitutional.)

  6. Sounds like a bunch of clueless rich morons couldn't let go of their cash cow until it was taken from them by we the people. Here is a list of REAL things you need to know:

    1. You cannot charge for content. People won't pay for it because they can get it in a thousand places. You MUST get your revenue from advertising.

    2. If you want to build a community that actually wants to use your site, you CANNOT require registration or logging in, you MUST provide anonymous commenting. Yeah, that's scary, but pull your huevos out of you wife's purse and just do it.

    3. Investigative journalism and expose's of government corruption and waste (a la Woodward and Bernstein) is the ONLY area where "professional" journalists have an advantage over the rest of the people publishing their opinions on the web. We aren't interested in hearing how great government is doing, we can go to THEIR website for propaganda. We want people with guts to go after the rich and powerful; kind of tough when you are OWNED by the rich and powerful.

    4. When "professional" journalists DO write something, proof read it!! Over and over I see AP stories with poor grammar and spelling, and these are supposed to be professionals? I can get crap spelling and grammar from any blogging moron.

    5. Learn how to build a web site people WANT to look at. Most media companies who go to the web build the crappiest, most bandwidth intensive pieces of junk I have ever seen. DON'T use animated gifs, DON'T play flash unless a reader clicks play, and DO provide a text transcript of every story, especially the video ones. Not everyone has broadband (due to the ridiculous monopolies on internet access, we need to nationalize the internet and telecommunications infrastructure) and they would like to be able to read the content of the video instead of waiting hours to play it.

    6. Learn how to do CROSS-BROWSER development. Saying "we design for IE because it has 80% (or whatever) market share and screw the rest" is a great way to not only loose potential customers, but also it will cost you more to run the site because every time a new version of IE comes out your site will break and require many hours of redesign and testing to make it work again.

    Hope these hints help, because you need all you can get. By the way, there is still a market for print newspapers; I need something to potty train my puppy on.

  7. My dad used to read the Miami News every night when he got home at 6. Here it's 6:30 and I haven't even left the office yet. And on top of that, I'm commuting in from Tucson to Phoenix, so on the 4 nights a week that I do get to stay at home, I don't get home till 8 or 9.

    I do get the weekend Arizona Daily Star. They've had a really good running story about Arizona Game & Fish killing off the last known jaguar in the US. They studied it to death and put it down because they thought it was in kidney failure. Last week, after they interviewed a biologist at the UA who did an autopsy and reported no signs of kidney failure, the UA lab director "clarified" his policy regarding public statements: no public statements. I really appreciate the efforts that the reporters put into this story, and it's great to get an update on the weekend when I have time to sit down and read it.

  8. Hi,
    I recently came accross your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I dont know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Nice blog. I will keep visiting this blog very often.


  9. For many years I sat at my kitchen table every morning with a cup of coffee and the SF Chronicle. A few years ago I saw a reference online to a column by Tom Friedman of New York Times. I went to the Times link but I had to pay $14.95/year to get to that column. I like Friedman and some of the other columnists so I paid. Now it is free but the truth is, if they wanted me to, pay again, I would. I continued to read the Chron and then shortly after being told I was losing my job, I got a bill for the Chron that was significantly higher and I thought, this is an expense I should see if I can do without by reading online. I tried reading the SF Chronicle online and found it unappealing. So I tried the NYT -- now I get up, get my coffee and go to the computer. I think the NYT has quality content not available elsewhere. I'd pay to see the Mark Bittman videos any day. I think the NYT online is a great resource. If I don't know a word, I highlight it and I get the definition and hear it pronounced. I put up with with flash ads as the price of reading the NYT free. I think there are opportunities for news organizations to offer content not available elsewhere. And I think people will pay for it. My preference now that I've tried it is online. Send me a bill.

  10. The news is so biased most if not all have some sort of agenda. I don't need or want your agenda. User comments allow for other points of view.

    cheap holidays tenerife

  11. Hi Guy's,
    I like this post because this is very informative blog and it's really useful to us...

    nintendo ds r4

  12. We wished we had been able to get to you last winter -- we've been working on a solution for newspapers and feel we're getting close -- --


    Michael Shaffer, CEO
    Our Net News, Inc.

  13. It's a really detailed post and I must say it was worthy to read it. I get to know many new facts from here. Keep posting..
    bali luxury

  14. I Liked this post. It was well-written. Thanks for sharing this wonderful information....
    bali luxury

  15. Hi Guy's,
    I would leave my first comment. I dont know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Nice blog. I will keep visiting this blog very often.

    sdhc video cards

  16. I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment.i found some informatics post on your blog but for dating service i like Denver Dating

  17. Thank you! You often write very interesting articles. You improved my mood.

    live dealer casinos

  18. These all post which you can share over here is really very great. The news is so biased most if not all have some sort of agenda. I don't need or want your agenda. In all these there are so many things which is great.
    Canadian Drugs Online

  19. I bet moving from the rockies to Hawaii was one of the best things you ahve ever done. Do you miss the newspaper though, I used to work in local press and it was great - a newspaper team offers a great working environment and |I miss that now that I work from home. If i could go back - just for one day a week I would! Toni -

  20. Its a tough decision for any newspaper to make. Entering the on-line market costs a fortune.

    I have an IPad but have never subscribed to on-line magazines / newspapers. I think paper print will have some worth for quite a while due to its convenience.

    I would never take an ipad most places due to it's cost!

    LED Grow Lights

  21. Hi John,
    I loved reading this piece! Well written! :)

    Wilson Peter
    Dating Service Miami Florida
    Dating Service Miami

  22. Thanks for the lessons dude, I really enjoyed reading the rocky mountains forum. how can i get twitter favorites

  23. I am just pretty happy to sign up ones own guestbook these days,Your own feedback and listed below are excellent in my opinion,incidentally I should say also definitely will teach some great supplements for your needs every.

  24. I have been checking out a few of your stories and i can state pretty good stuff. I will definitely bookmark your blog
    service delivery

  25. I read blogs on a similar topic, but I never visited your blog. I added it to favorites and I’ll be your constant reader.
    home guard warranty
    ahs home warranty cost
    americas preferred home warranty

  26. Should there be another persuasive post please do share it the next time, I’ll be surely waiting for it.
    voyance en ligne
    voyance en direct

  27. Thank you for the efforts you made in writing this post. I am hoping I'll see more great things from you.
    Angel Investor in India
    Fundraising platform in India
    Angel investors in India


  28. Awesome and interesting article. Great things you've always shared with us. Thanks.Just continue composing such informative posts.
    Anger Management workshops
    Couples and Anger Management
    Anger Management counselling

  29. Thank you, I've been seeking for info about this subject matter for ages and yours is the best I have discovered so far.
    Artistic Make-up,
    make-up artist

  30. It is additionally a really sensible post that I actually enjoyed reading. it's not every day that I actually have the chance to examine one thing like this.
    Dual Chamber Incubator
    Multi Room Incubator
    General Incubator
    Low Temperature BOD Incubator
    Multi-Stack Shaking Incubator
    Humidity Chamber
    Insect growth chamber
    Plant growth chamber

  31. I really love the quality writing as offered on this post, cheers to the writer.karan oberoi challa


  33. Thanks for the detailed description, well I simply want to offer you a huge thumbs up for your great information.
    Tableau Guru

  34. Thanks for it, i have been seeking for information regarding this material for ages and yours is that the best I even have discovered up to now.Laboratory Vertical autoclave
    automatic vertical autoclave suppliers
    Horizontal autoclave manufacturer
    pressure steam sterilizers autoclave

  35. Hello Everyone This Website is too Good. I Must be Thankful for sharing Important Information in the Post and Please Visit my Website Once For More Details. Thanks

  36. Awesome Information & Thanks For sharing.

    For fresh collection of kerala sex photos Login to our site.

  37. I do not know if it’s just me or if everyone else experiencing
    issues with your site. It appears as though some of the text within your posts
    are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedbackThis might be a problem with my internet browser because I’ve had
    this happen before.
    Happy Veterans Day 2016 Images
    Happy Veterans Day 2016 Pictures
    Happy Veterans Day 2016 Pics
    Happy Veterans Day 2016 Quotes
    Happy Veterans Day 2016 Wishes

  38. Thank you for sharing with us, I conceive this website genuinely stands out : D.

  39. This is very interesting and amazing article to read. It gives me a lot of information

  40. ChampOne C1 buy online mobile phone

    ChampOne Communications, an Indian device manufacturing company, has announced the launch of its ChampOne C1 smartphone, which .

  41. nice one to read and get some helpfull information

  42. Hi pal, I enjoyed your site that was enlightening. I simply Wanted to share you something about simcity buildit free cash which is the best game and I love to perform simcity buildit simcash with simcity buildit review and I just needed to understand you that now you can use simcity buildit guide in the game because it's Astonishing to use simcity buildit trick which Let you do anything in simcity buildit tricks as per your requirement. I hope you understand what I mean about simcity buildit tips when you play it with simcity buildit guide and you might even like simcity buildit game
    and if you Appreciate simcity buildit please discuss it with friends and family. thanks.

  43. Hi, how are you ? The page visited a lot Once your web Terrific Very, how can ?
    just to remind , still keep ya health , especially the health of your stomach , with
    Obat Penyakit Ginjal Mengecil
    Cara Menyembuhkan Rahim Bengkak
    Bahaya Pengentalan Darah Pada Ibu Hamil

  44. hi, i liked you blog and wanted to share with you something about madden mobile, madden mobile tips can be used for getting all the resources in the games ligally, i am looking for the madden mobile guide and wanted to use madden mobile review in my own gaming also. if you find madden mobile tips somewhere pls share madden mobile 17 with me. although, your information was really good thanks. and pls dont forget about madden mobile 17 guide yo. thanks again.

  45. Hey, I actually adored your view with this matter. I wanted to share something about pixel gun 3d game with you. actually I desired to know the methods to get pixel gun 3d coins. can you describe any means for pixel gun 3d tips which I can get easily online? Truly pixel gun 3d guide is my favorite game and I just wanted to play pixel gun 3d at its complete pace. thanks beforehand.

  46. To get the most esteem from the exchange, organizations ought to locate an immediate subsidizing source. Sources that experience intermediaries or other mediators may charge additional. Car Title Loans

  47. hello. i just enjoyed your post and wanted to share with you the ways to get free simcash in simcity buildit game. please visit the
    best guide website and have it for free. thanks

  48. hi there, dont you know that you can also read this blog for more information on about this one which is related to your topic. thanks.

  49. you are the best mate. you just made my day. i am also a blogger and wanted you to know about this that you can now read the gaming news here and it is awesome for new gamers becuase its a game guide
    . please do share it with your friends.

  50. hi there, you just made me amaze by quoating your point here, you are the best. i was looking for coins for madden mobile which is my favorite game and its the best game which is being played by every american. you may know how to get free coins in madden mobile
    and make gaming free.

  51. your blog is very good to read, i also found one blog similar to your interest. you may like to know that now you can get free nba

    for your game. i also love nba live game and am a big fan of its mobile version too. lets have fun with it.

  52. best site for getting various informative stuff over the net. pls do visit if you love strange things over the net.

  53. Raees Box Office Collection 1st 2nd 3rd day domestic Worldwide earning first weekend kamai second third 3 days movie reviews rating.
    Raees Box Office Collection

  54. Hallo Mba/Mas Admin,

    Sharing nya luar biasa membantu kawan-kawan lain yang ingin KPR. Pejelasan nya detail & mungkin bisa jadi masukan untuk yang lain.

    Jika ada kawan-kawan pengunjung website ini yang Sedang mencari rumah second & ingin mengajukan KPR Rumah Second, bisa saya bantu. Info lengkapnya bisa mengunjungi

    Rumah Dijual di kranji
    Rumah Dijual di Jatiwarna
    Rumah Dijual Di Ciputat

  55. This comment has been removed by the author.

  56. Full episodes tv shows and links without limits here:

  57. This comment has been removed by the author.

  58. your thoughts are really good mate, I liked it and you may also happy by knowing that i also tried it and this is working one. thank you for describibng this this wonderful thing and wanted to tell you that you can use it as per your need and its very helpful for you. give it a try and check out other things too. thanks.

  59. This comment has been removed by the author.

  60. Beste kostenlose Tests für Matratzen im Netz:


    Die besten Matratzen

  61. A good web site with interesting content, this is what I need. Thank you for making this web-site
    درمان چاقی

  62. Awesome post. I am a normal visitor of your blog and appreciate you taking the time to maintain the excellent site. I’ll be a frequent visitor for a really long time.

    تبلیغات گسترده در تلگرام

  63. Hiya, I am really glad I’ve found this information. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossip and internet stuff and this is really frustrating. A good web site with interesting content, this is what I need. Thank you for making this web-site, and I’ll be visiting again. Do you do newsletters by email?
    نمایندگی مجاز ال جی

  64. I discovered your website by accident, and I’m stunned why this accident did not came about in advance! I bookmarked it.
    تعمیرگاه مجاز سامسونگ


  65. مكافحة الوزغ بالرياض شركة مكافحة الوزغ

    شركات مكافحة الوزغ بالرياض شركات مكافحة الوزغ

    شركة مكافحة الوزغ بالرياض شركة مكافحة الوزغ بالرياض

    مكافحة الحمام شركة مكافحة الحمام بالرياض

    شركة مكافحة حمام شركة مكافحة حمام

    مكافحة الحمام بالرياض مكافحة الحمام بالرياض

    تنظيف واجهات زجاج بالرياض  شركة تنظيف واجهات الزجاج بالرياض

    شركة نظافة واجهات زجاج بالرياض شركات نظافة واجهات زجاج بالرياض

    شركة نظافة واجهات زجاج بالرياض شركة نظافة واجهات زجاج بالرياض

    تنظيف وجهات حجر بالرياض شركة تنظيف واجهات حجر بالرياض

    شركة نظافة واجهات حجر بالرياض شركة نظافة واجهات حجر بالرياض

    شركة تنظيف واجهات حجر شرق الرياض شركة تنظيف واجهات حجر شرق الرياض


  66. Nice i like this post about drones " I migliori droni per riprese aree ispezioni e termografia, droni professionali gimbal drone dji droni professionali".

  67. Lakipoker is Situs Poker Online Bandar Ceme Agent Domino QQ is trusted in indonesia that provides game BandarQ, Poker Online, DominoQQ, Ceme Online, Capsa Arrange Online. Only with a minimum deposit of Rp10.000 you can play all the games in Lakipoker. The Trusted Poker City is one of the Agen Domino QQ IDNs that already have the most advanced high-speed servers and the best account security system. Customer service online for 24 hours to provide the best service for all players in Lakipoker.

    Every member who plays gambling poker domino qq and Bandar Ceme Online will get bonus rolling up to 0.5% which every Thursday will be shared directly into the account ID. In addition we also provide a referral bonus of 20% for anyone who invites other people or friends join to play gambling poker domino QQ on the site Agen Poker Terpercaya.

  68. You made some really good points there. You made some really good points there. I checked on the web to find out more about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this web site.
    I checked on the web to find out more about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this web site.

  69. Beginning from a greater and substantial weight portable and contacting thin and smooth gadget with camera, film creator, web, perusing, texting and so forth, here is the science and innovation with cell phones that serve each need of human professionally or by and text to speech voices

  70. Kapal4D is bandar togel online in Indonesia providing game of numbers shoot for the most popular market in indonesia. Kapal4d Registration provides the best service with customer service who has experience and ready to serve its member main ( main togel ) 24-hour non-stop togel Ease of Transaction supported by 4 Bank of Indonesia (BCA, BNI, BRI Mandiri). KAPAL4D (bandar togel teraman ) ( bandar togel ) By having a user here who play ( togel online ) can gamble togel ( Agen togel )for the Singapore market ( togel singapore ), Sidney ( togel sydney ), Hongkong ( togel hongkong ). Play Togel Online ( Agen togel )Live in Smartphone or wap version where and anytime.

  71. "Is the guy mad?"

    How do you answer that? "No; he's a socialist." Or "Yes; he's a socialist."

    The problem we now have is that all three main parties are so alike that they actively don't want a majority. They've seen that having a coalition (or at least not having a majority) makes it far easier to do very unpopular things if you always play the victim to the other two parties.

    Refer to Hostgator black friday sale 2018 for buying web hosting

  72. I am happy with your article, Fajartoto think your website is pretty good. Many articles are very useful for everyone. I am sure your website will grow in the future. Fajartoto will always support your website, hopefully more advanced. keep the spirit... thanks

    Situs Togel Terpercaya
    Togel Online
    Bandar Togel Terpercaya
    Agen Togel Terpercaya
    Bandar Togel Online Terpercaya
    bandar togel sgp
    Situs Casino Online
    Prediksi Hongkong
    Syair Togel Hk

  73. I am happy with your article, Fajartoto think your website is pretty good. Many articles are very useful for everyone. I am sure your website will grow in the future. Fajartoto will always support your website, hopefully more advanced. keep the spirit... thanks

    agen togel terpercaya
    togel online
    bandar togel terpercaya
    bandar togel terbaik
    situs togel online
    situs togel terbesar
    agen togel
    prediksi sgp
    syair togel hk

  74. Thank you
    Raees Box Office Collection 1st 2nd 3rd day domestic Worldwide earning first weekend kamai second third 3 days movie reviews rating.
    Contact Straight Talk

    download fire red rom


  75. Still, he could have made the trek for the blood brother Cheap Full Lace Wigs ceremony. If the Blackfoot tribe actually conducted that Design Your Own Shirt sort Designer Phone Cases of ritual. But oops, they didn't. Buy Cheap Human Hair Lace Front Wigs unsweetened iced tea, plain yogurt, or unflavored oatmeal, for example, and add sweetener (or fruit) yourself. You likely add far less sugar than the manufacturer.Check Human Hair Wigs labels and opt for low sugar products and use fresh or frozen ingredients instead of canned goods. Be especially aware of the sugar content of Cosplay Mask cereals and sugary drinks.Avoid processed or packaged foods like canned soups, frozen dinners, or low fat meals that often contain hidden sugar.

  76. I think buying beautiful accessories for our cellphones can change our mood while using these gadgets. cute protective iphone xr cases and Girly iPhone X cases as well as iphone xs max protective cases for girls are available at the most beautiful designs and lowest prices ever.
    Owners of famous i7 8 or 6 family don’t be worry as cute girly iphone 8 plus cases , girly iphone 7 plus cases and iphone 6s plus case for girl are offered by our best online shop. Just spend a second and visit our listings, you won’t regret!

  77. Looking for a online tool to download all Instagram stories at once try Igstorie download all instagram stories as zip watch ig stories

  78. MLB World Series 2019 Live Stream I would give the edge to Strasburg in this matchup as he’s been more consistent than Verlander in the postseason.

  79. MLB World Series 2019 Live Stream I would give the edge to Strasburg in this matchup as he’s been more consistent than Verlander in the postseason.

  80. Accuracy, reliability, easy-to-use experience and material flexibility are the four fundamental motivations behind Raise3D. Since their first generation 3D printers and zortrax 3d printer too

  81. what time is the super bowl that the last of the Big Game inventory was about to run out, the executive VP of sales for Fox Sports sold the last available spot on Friday.

  82. we like to honor many other internet sites on the web, even if they aren’t linked to us, by linking to them. Under are some web pages worth checking out one of our visitors not long ago suggested the following website.
    Pinoy Channel| Pinoy Tambayan| Pinoy Tv| Pinoy Tv Replay| Pinoy Ako| Pinoy Lambingan| Pinoy Teleserye| Zee tvKorean Tv Show

  83. This comment has been removed by the author.

  84. here are some links to sites that we link to because we think they are worth visiting, the time to study or go to the content material or sites we have linked to beneath the
    Pinoy tv| Pinoy Channel| Pinoy Tv show| Pinoy Lambingan| Pariwiki| Lambingan Tv Show| Teleserye Tv| Indian Tv drama
    Korean Tv Movies

  85. very nice < href="">Motivation456 android app<\>

  86. BUY WHOLESALE CARTS ONLINE Welcome to dankvapesonlineshop, your online specialist for buy dank vapes, buy kingpens, buy stiizy carts and buy brass knuckles online. If you are interested in vaping then you are in the right place! Our wide range offers the right equipment for beginners as well as for advanced and professional vapers. To ensure that you have a safe and pleasant vaping experience, we rely on high-quality in our dank vapes products. Our dank vapes, kingpens, stiizy carts and brass knuckles are sourced exclusively from reputed brands with high quality standards.

  87. Sites with interesting information and certainly useful with insightful articles -- Data Pengeluaran Hongkong Malam Ini

  88. Neobanks are basically banks without any physical branch areas, offering consumers with checking, financial savings, settlement services as well as car loans on a digital and also totally mobile facilities. Some examples of neobanks are Chime, Simple and also Varo. Eyal Nachum is a fintech guru and a director at Bruc Bond. Eyal is the architect of the software that SMEs use to do cross-border payments.

  89. Fintech is likewise upgrading debt by improving risk analysis, accelerating authorization processes and making accessibility easier. Billions of individuals worldwide can currently obtain a loan on their smart phones, and also brand-new data points and also better threat modeling is expanding credit history to underserved populations. Bruc Bond endeavor to lead the financial sector with sustainability, customizable product offering, and open communication. At Bruc Bond we aim to make 21st century banking straightforward, simple, and transparent.

  90. This comment has been removed by the author.

  91. says Bruc Bond fintech guru eyal nachum and board member, has a message to banks: it’s time to embrace open banking and the cooperation it can bring. The advantages of working together with alternative providers far outweigh the risks of loosening control, he says.

  92. Home improvement is a very important aspect of home ownership, especially if you are looking to increase the value of your property. Learn about working at Atlantic Asphalt sealing & Equipment.

  93. Shopping for high quality REPLICA HANDBAGS and WATCHES, My guide on designer REPLICA purses and watches will help you find the best designer bags, watches, accessories and so on online! Here, you can find any brands, like hermes louis vuitton gucci chanel christian dior fendi burberry prada bvlgari cartier bags handbags jewelry OMEGA ROLEX watches, PATEK PHILIPPE IWC CARTIER AUDEMAARS PIGUET VERSACE RICHARD MILLE watches.


  94. SahabatQQ Agen Domino QQ Agen Domino 99 dan Poker Online Aman dan Terpercaya